Citations & Plagiarism

Tim Miller · twm2 · 707.826.4959 · Library 02 (Lower Level)

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Unless otherwise noted

What do YOU want to know?

  • Why did you come today?
  • What class(es) are you taking that require citations?
  • What style guide do you use for your discipline?


  • Examine the question: "What is plagiarism?"
  • Proper use of citations
  • Quote & Paraphrase
  • Style Guide resources

Style Guides

More than just citations/references

  • formatting
    • margins
    • line spacing
    • pagination
    • etc.
  • You are not expected to memorize- use resources!
Photo of the spines of several style guides

Citation Basics


  • save the citations when you find the article
  • track which concepts come from which articles

Save from the database

  • Specific style format (APA, MLA, CSE, Chicago, etc)
Screen shot of Google Scholar citation export Screen shot of Ebsco citation export

Why Cite?

Scholarship is conversation

Academic Conversation

  • 'Author' & 'Reader' are engaged in conversation
  • Contribution to the knowledge-base
  • Recognize & build on the work of others
  • Provide evidence & support for your ideas
  • Provide your readers with more information
  • Make it easy for your readers to find your sources
Public Enemy's 'Fear of a Black Planet' album cover

Select the correct statement

The same basic information is needed to reference a source in every citation style format.
Each style format requires distinctly different information- the formats are not similar.
When citing a source you retrieve online, all you need is a URL.
When citing a source you retrieve online, you need the same basic information as you do for print sources.
If you write about an author’s idea without quoting them, you do not need to cite the source.
When you use other authors' ideas, you need to cite them as sources.
The primary purpose of citing your sources is to show your audience where you got your ideas.
The primary purpose of citing your sources is to prove that you are not plagiarizing.
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